King & MacGregor Environmental and Ecological Consulting Services


Pokagon Band of the Potawatomi Indians - Casino & Resort

Natural Features and Wetlands Inventory


King & MacGregor Environmental, Inc. (KME) provided a wide range of environmental services related to the development of the Four Winds casino and resort near New Buffalo in southwest Michigan. Over a nearly seven year period, these services included wetland delineation, obtaining federal and state wetland permits, conducting endangered species surveys, litigation support, and the preparation of initial and supplemental Environmental Assessment documents for both direct and secondary impacts. Receipt of final approvals for construction of the casino on the approximately 700-acre subject property required coordination with the Pokagon Band, their gaming partner, attorneys, engineers, and numerous local, state and federal agencies.

Environmental evaluations that were undertaken included Section 7 coordination with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service for avoidance of impacts to the federally endangered Indiana bat. Under tribal regulations, a survey and subsequent transplantation program for Prairie Trillium (State-listed threatened species) was undertaken to avoid impacts to these rare flowers from the access road to the casino. KME continues to act as an environmental consultant to the Band as further use of the property is considered.

Project Highlights

  • Natural features inventory, botanical and wildlife surveys, and wetland delineation on 700-acre property

  • Coordinated with the Pokagon Band, project team and numerous local, state and federal agencies through to approvals including state and federal wetland permits and federal approval of Environmental Assessment and Supplemental Environmental Assessment

  • Preparation of studies required by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to demonstrate no effect to federally endangered Indiana bat

  • Preparation and implementation of plan to relocate a rare plant species to avoid impact from road construction

Project Information

Client: Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians
Location: New Buffalo Township, Berrien County, Michigan



Prairie trillium (Trillium recurvatum)





Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis)
(Photo by Rich Fields, Indiana DNR)



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